People

Sonja Brentjes

Affiliated Scholar (Jan 2020-Dez 2022)

Prof. Dr.

I am a historian of science with a focus on institutions, mathematics, and mapmaking in Islamicate societies until 1700 and cross-cultural encounters in the Mediterranean and western Asia since the eighth century. Currently, I am working on a new interpretation of the Book on the Balance of Wisdom by 'Abd al-Rahman al-Khazini (d. 1130s). With an international group of scholars, I am also building an image database on the visualization of the heavens in Eurasia and North Africa until c. 1700 and the material and intellectual cultures of these images.

I studied mathematics at the Technical University Dresden (1969–1973), history of mathematics and science at the Karl Marx University Leipzig (1973–1976), and Near Eastern history and Arabic at the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (1978–1982). I wrote my PhD on the history of linear programming and my second dissertation on number theory in Arabic and Persian texts composed between 800 and 1250 (1977; 1989). In 1991, I acquired the venia legendi.

I have published broadly on different topics in the history of mathematics, cartography, patronage, higher education, science and the arts, cross-cultural encounters, and historiography. Recently I edited a book on processes of globalization in the Mediterranean between 700 and 1500 (with Jürgen Renn) and a book about historical narratives on scholarly activities in non-Western societies of the past and their distortions (with Taner Edis and Lutz Richter-Bernburg). My latest published paper deals with early modern sources that reveal how Europeans learned to speak and write Arabic outside the university.

Projekte

A Book on al-Khazini’s Book on the Balance of Wisdom

MEHR

Image Database: Visualization and Material Cultures of the Heavens

MEHR

Mediterranean Nautical Cartography: Islands or Gateways of Knowledge?

MEHR

Visualization and Material Cultures of the Heavens in Eurasia and North Africa (4000 BCE–1700 CE)

MEHR

Convivencia. Iberian to Global Dynamics (500–1750)

MEHR

Cross-cultural Knowledge Transfer through Translation

MEHR

Teaching and Learning the Sciences in Islamicate Societies (800-1700)

MEHR

Selected Publications

Brentjes, Sonja (2022). “Research Foci in the History of Science in Past Islamicate Societies.” Histories 2 (3): 270–287. https://doi.org/10.3390/histories2030021.

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Brentjes, Sonja (2021). “Nicomachean Number Theory in Arabic and Persian Scholarly Literature.” In Companion to the Reception of Pythagoras and Pythagoreanism in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, ed. I. Caiazzo, C. Macris, and A. Robert, 111–140…

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Brentjes, Sonja (2021). “The Stars on the Sky and the Globe: ‘Abd Al-Raḥmān Ibn ‘Umar al-Ṣūfī’s Visualization of the Heavens.” Aestimatio 2 (2): 59–98. https://ircps.org/aestimatio/aestimatio-ns-volumes/ns-0202/59-98/.

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Vesel, Ziva, and Sonja Brentjes (2021). “Science in Persian.” In Persian Prose: A History of Persian Literature. Vol. V, ed. B. Utas, 217–273. Tauris. https://doi.org/10.5040/9780755617821.ch-004.

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