I am a historian of science with a focus on institutions, mathematics, and mapmaking in Islamicate societies until 1700 and cross-cultural encounters in the Mediterranean and western Asia since the eighth century. Currently, I am working on a new interpretation of the Book on the Balance of Wisdom by 'Abd al-Rahman al-Khazini (d. 1130s). With an international group of scholars, I am also building an image database on the visualization of the heavens in Eurasia and North Africa until c. 1700 and the material and intellectual cultures of these images.
I studied mathematics at the Technical University Dresden (1969–1973), history of mathematics and science at the Karl Marx University Leipzig (1973–1976), and Near Eastern history and Arabic at the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (1978–1982). I wrote my PhD on the history of linear programming and my second dissertation on number theory in Arabic and Persian texts composed between 800 and 1250 (1977; 1989). In 1991, I acquired the venia legendi.
I have published broadly on different topics in the history of mathematics, cartography, patronage, higher education, science and the arts, cross-cultural encounters, and historiography. Recently I edited a book on processes of globalization in the Mediterranean between 700 and 1500 (with Jürgen Renn) and a book about historical narratives on scholarly activities in non-Western societies of the past and their distortions (with Taner Edis and Lutz Richter-Bernburg). My latest published paper deals with early modern sources that reveal how Europeans learned to speak and write Arabic outside the university.
A Book on al-Khazini’s Book on the Balance of Wisdom
Image Database: Visualization and Material Cultures of the Heavens
Mediterranean Nautical Cartography: Islands or Gateways of Knowledge?
Visualization and Material Cultures of the Heavens in Eurasia and North Africa (4000 BCE–1700 CE)
Brentjes, Sonja and Alexander Fidora, eds. (2021). Premodern Translation: Comparative Approaches to Cross-Cultural Transformations. Contact and Transmission 2. Turnhout: Brepols.Read More
Brentjes, Sonja (2021). “MS Paris, Bibliothèque des Missions étrangères 1069: The French-Arabic Dictionary of François Pétis de la Croix (1653–1713)?” Mediterranea 6: 57–84. https://doi.org/10.21071/mijtk.v6i.12861.Read More
Brentjes, Sonja (2021). “The Mathematical Sciences and Medicine in Safavid Iran.” In The Safavid World, ed. R. Matthee, 428–446. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003170822-27.Read More
Brentjes, Sonja and Dagmar Schäfer, eds. (2020). Imagining the Heavens: Historiographical Challenges and Eurasian Perspectives. [Special issue] NTM. 28 (3). Basel: Birkhäuser. https://link.springer.com/journal/48/volumes-and-issues/28-3.Read More
Celestial Bodies, Sovereign Gods: Sūrya, Candra and the Planets in Northern India in the First Millenium CEMORE
Visualization Project MeetingMORE
Tangut Astrology: Visuality, Materiality, TransculturalismMORE
Methods Intensive Workshop
Reconstructing Notre Dame: Expertise, Art, Money, Politics.MORE
Methods Intensive Workshop
Three-Dimensional Scanning at the Transept of the Cathedral in Paris: The Benefit for Art HistoryMORE
Multiple Translation ActivitiesMORE
Inaugural Event: The Future of Medieval Studies in the History of ScienceMORE
Euclid on the Road. Cross-Cultural Transmission, Translation, and Transformation of the ElementsMORE
The Safavid Multi-Text-Manuscript 1984.463 (Harvard University, Sackler Museum)—its Content and ContextMORE
Visualization of Heavens IIMORE
Visualization of Heavens IMORE
Teaching Sciences in Islamicate SocietiesMORE
Narratives on TranslationsMORE
Public Lecture: Narratives, Translations, and a Global History of ScienceMORE
Institutions of Knowledge in Islamicate Societies: Patronage, Books, Families, the ArtsMORE
Studies of Knowledge in Eurasia and Africa: Issues of Methodology and Future PerspectivesMORE