head shot of Terence Kleven

Terence Kleven

Affiliated Scholar (Jul 2022-Aug 2022)


Terry Kleven is a Visiting Scholar from Central College, Iowa, USA, where he teaches in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies. His graduate education was in Religious Studies at McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada. His research is in Arabic philosophy, with particular attention to the relation between political philosophy and religion in Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. He is also interested in political thought and religion in Asia.

Kleven's research focus is on the logical and political treatises of Alfarabi (d. AH 338/CE 950). He is preparing critical Arabic editions and English translations of several of Alfarabi’s logical treatises. Alfarabi’s logic consists in the rules for five syllogistic arts, rhetoric, dialectic, sophistry, demonstration, and poetry. Amongst these arts, Alfarabi emphasizes the importance of dialectic since it is both a necessary preparation for demonstration and it distinguishes demonstration from sophistry. Terry is a member of Katja Krause’s “Experience in the Premodern Sciences of the Soul & Body, c. 800–1650.” His specific project with the MPIWG is a study of the Alfarabi’s and Averroes’ accounts of the sources of pre-scientific sources of knowledge—received tradition, generally accepted opinion, perception, and first intelligibles—in order to show that they are more essential to our understanding of our experiences and to demonstration than we often recognize.

Terry has published numerous articles and book reviews in Arabic philosophy. He has also taught at Memorial University in Newfoundland, Canada, and at the Near Eastern School of Theology in Beirut, Lebanon. He has received research fellowships from the Bradley Foundation, the Yad Hanadiv Foundation, Fulbright, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Moore Family Foundation, and the Earhart Foundation.  


No current projects were found for this scholar.

Alfarabi and Averroes on What is Known Prior to Scientific Demonstration


Selected Publications

Kleven, Terence (2023). “Al-Fārābī on What Is Known Prior to the Syllogistic Arts in His Introductory ‘Letter,’ the ‘Five Aphorisms’, and the ‘Book of Dialectic.’” In Contextualizing Premodern Philosophy: Explorations of the Greek, Hebrew, Arabic,…

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Kleven, Terence (2020). “Memory in Christian Education: Reflections on Book X of St. Augustine’s ‘Confessions.’” Pro Rege 48 (4): 26–32. https://digitalcollections.dordt.edu/pro_rege/vol48/iss4/3/.

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Kleven, Terence (2019). “Averroes and Maimonides on Equivocal Terms in the Qur’ān and the Torah.” The Muslim World 109 (4): 615–626. https://doi.org/10.1111/muwo.12313.

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Kleven, Terence (2019). “‘And Thou Shalt Teach Them Diligently Unto Thy Children’ (Deut. vi 7): The Scriptural Account of Divine and Human Memory for the Gathering and Binding of the Community.” In Memory: Its Persistence and Loss in Christian…

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Past Events

Summer Colloquium

The Ninth-Century Transmission of Greek Philosophy into the Arabic-Speaking World and the Emergence of Baghdadian Rationalism: Coming to a Proper Judgement of the Place of Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq (CE 808-877)