Technology, Information, and Application: Western Technology in Gazetteer Maps from Late Qing and Republican China
Traditional Chinese cartographic techniques are unique, and they started to be impacted by Western cartography in late Qing. During this time, Chinese maps began to make use of map projection, longitude and latitude, and also utilized Western hypsography methods in expressing the topography, such as the hachuring, hill shading method, and contouring method. Local gazetteers are major primary sources for the study of China’s local history, and they also have a large number of maps, which were normally made by the government. Considering maps as knowledge productions, this project will focus on the gazetteer maps that were drawn with Western technology in late Qing and Republican China to track the source of the cartography and geography knowledge. Using LoGaRT, this project will narrow down from different provincial Xiangtuzhi and Xianzhi and investigate the spread and application of Western cartography technology in folk, and pay attention to questions: the similarities and differences of the local gazetteers maps of different areas in the same historical period, the social reasons and the technical reasons for these differences, and whether geographic factors have an important influence on local gazetteers maps. It will then research the mapmaker and their conditions.