This project explores the scientific, practical, and material culture of soil prior to the twentieth century. A transcultural, comparative perspective places the development of early modern soil sciences in the context of the distinct but connected agrarian, textual, and knowledge-making traditions of the early modern globe. A working group volume entitled Toward a Global History of Soil: Sciences, Practices, and Materialities in the Early Modern World (ed. Justin Niermeier-Dohoney and Aleksandar Shopov) is forthcoming from Brill in 2024. With contributions on geographical locations ranging from colonial Mexico to the Ottoman Empire, from the sixteenth-century Iberian Peninsula to Ming dynasty China, this volume highlights the conjunctions and divergences of soil knowledge, pointing to both the wide geographical transmission of knowledge-making practices and the development of local epistemological cultures.