Sabine Arnaud

Visiting Scholar
Visiting Scholars are established scholars, as evidenced by significant publications and broad academic experience, spending a fixed term as guests at the MPIWG for research purposes. They may be externally funded or receive a Research Fellowship from the MPIWG.
Max Planck Research Group (The Construction of Norms in 17th- to 19th-Century Europe and the United States)
Ph.D., Professor HDR
Residence:
November 1, 2016 to January 31, 2017
Profile

Sabine Arnaud’s current research focuses on the instrumentalization of the question of deafness in the construction of various disciplines, and the study of conflicting new conceptions of the human and of normality/abnormality. Studying deafness from the seventeenth to the late nineteenth century, her project traces the crucial role that language has played in how we define humanity, and analyzes the many ways in which this relationship has been articulated (voice and sign language). The new research project follows the completion of a monograph on hysteria published by the Editions de l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in January 2014, which won the « Prix d’histoire de la médecine » awarded by the French Society for the History of Medicine and the Academy of Medicine, the prize « Bourse Marcelle Blum » awarded by the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques, and the prize for young historians by the International Academy of the History of Science (granted unanimously). A version in English appeared with The University of Chicago Press in 2015 as On Hysteria: The Invention of a Medical Category (1670-1820). Sabine Arnaud is a member of the editorial board of the journal History of Human Sciences, published by Sage.

A U.S. doctorate in Comparative Literature (City University of New York) in cotutelle with a French thesis in History and Civilizations (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales) and graduate theses in Philosophy and Art History (Paris VIII-Vincennes-Saint Denis) have guided Sabine Arnaud’s approach to visual and textual documents. She has been a Max Planck Research Group director since November 2010.

Before joining the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Sabine Arnaud was an assistant professor at Texas A&M University. Her research on hysteria has previously been supported by a Milton Brown Dissertation Fellowship and fellowships from the New York Academy of Medicine, the Société Internationale d’Etude des Femmes de l’Ancien Régime, the Countway Library of Harvard University, the Glasscock Center for Humanities Research at Texas A&M University, the Institute for Cultural Inquiry in Berlin, and The Institute for the Medical Humanities of The University of Texas.

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sabine_Arnaud

 

Current work:

The Writing of Deafness and the Construction of Norms in France and Italy (1700-1914)

 

Selected publications

Arnaud, S. (2014). L'invention de l'hystérie au temps des Lumières (1670-1820). Paris: Ed. de l'EHESS.

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Arnaud, S. (2012). De la dénomination d'une maladie à son assignation: l' hystérie et la différence sexuelle entre 1750 et 1820. In E. Viennot (Ed.), Revisiter la "querelle des femmes": discours sur l' égalité/ inégalité des sexes, de 1750 aux lendemains de la Révolution (pp. 131-147). Saint-Etienne: Publications de l'Université de Saint-Etienne.

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Arnaud, S. (2011). Ruse and reappropriation in the French eighteenth century: 'La philosophy of the vapours' by C.-J. de B. de Paumerelle. French Studies, 65(2), 174-187. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/fs/Knq248.

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Arnaud, S. (2012). S/he who traps last traps best: the diagnosis of vapours and the writing of observations in late eighteenth-century France. In S. Arnaud, & H. Jordheim (Eds.), Le corps et ses images dans l' Europe du dix-huitième siècle / The body and its images (pp. 147-165). Paris: Champion.

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Arnaud, S. (2010). Autobiographies of Illness as Medical Legitimacy in the Works of Francis Fuller, George Cheyne, Charles Révillon and the Count de Puységur. In C. F. E. Holzhey (Ed.), Tension/Spannung (pp. 49-70). Berlin: Turia & Kant.

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Arnaud, S. (2010). Review of: Gilles Barroux, Philosophie, maladie et médecine au XVIIIe siècle. Paris: Champion 2008. In Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales (1, pp. 199-201). Armand Colin.

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Arnaud, S. (2010). Une Maladie indéfinissable? L'hystérie, de la métaphore au récit, au XVIIIe siècle.

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Arnaud, S. (2010)..Vous en guérirez et tout sera dit, De la circonspection dans l'énonciation de la maladie au XVIIIe siècle (Suisse, France, Angleterre). In C. Crignon (Ed.), Qu'est-ce qu'un bon patient? Qu'est-ce qu'on bon médecin? (pp. 263-273). Paris: Seli Arslan.

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Arnaud, S. (Ed.). (2009). La Philosophie des vapeurs. Paris: Mercure de France.

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Arnaud, S. (2009). Medical Writing, Philosophical Encounters, and Professional Strategy: The Defiance of Pierre Pomme.

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Arnaud, S. (2007). L’Art de Vaporiser à Propos, Pourparlers entre un Médecin et une Marquise Vaporeuse. Dix-Huitième siècle, 39, 505-519.

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Arnaud, S. (2015). On hysteria: the invention of a medical category between 1670 and 1820. Chicago [u.a.]: The University of Chicago Press.

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Arnaud, S. (2015). Quand des formes de vie se rejoignent: langue des signes et citoyenneté en France au tournant du 19e siècle. Raisons politiques, 57(1), 97-110. doi:10.3917/rai.057.0097.

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Arnaud, S. (2015). Fashioning a role for medicine: Alexandre-Louis-Paul Blanchet and the care of the deaf in mid-nineteenth-century France. Social History of Medicine, 28(2), 288-307. doi:10.1093/shm/hku086. http://shm.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/11/20/shm.hku086.full.pdf+html

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Presentations
15.09.2016
Centre for the History of Medicine in Ireland, University College Dublin
“The Medical Appropriation of Deafness and the Redefinition of Other Fields of Knowledge in Nineteenth-Century France and Italy”
25.05.2016
Departmental Colloquium, Department II, MPIWG
“Audism, Phonocentrism, and Articulation Techniques in Seventeenth- to Nineteenth-Century Europe”
21.05.2016
Sorbonne-Paris I, Séminaire Foucault de Jean-François Braunstein
“De la disciplinarisation des savoirs, enjeux et perspectives de recherche”
20.04.2016
Richardson History of Psychiatry Research Seminar, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York
“The 'Curable Abnormal' - a Perfect Object for Fields of Knowledge in Construction (France, Italy, England)”
08-09.01.2016
Sorbonne-Paris 3
“Audism and Articulation techniques in Seventeenth- to Eighteenth-century England”
29.10.2014
ITT Benjamin Franklin Project, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago
"A Disease Best Described by its Etymology? Hysteria in France at the Turn of the 19th Century"
21.02.2015
Centre Marc Bloch, Berlin
"L’écriture d’une catégorie médicale et l’invention d’une tradition épistémologique: l’hystérie. Du rôle de la citation dans les écrits français (1575-1820)"
31.10.2014
University of Wisconsin-Madison
"Defining Deafness as a Medical Problem in Nineteenth-Century France"
18.09.2014
Centre Suisse de Recherche pour l’Histoire sociale et économique, University of Zurich
"The Invention of the Abnormal in Late Nineteenth-Century France and Italy"
03.11.2014
University of Minnesota, Department of the History of Science, Medicine, and Technology
"Destinies of a Metaphor: Figuring the Undefinable in French Modern Medicine (1575-1820)"
12-14.11.2014
Lichtenberg-Kolleg, Georg-August-University Goettingen
"Between Human Rights and Civil Rights: The Deaf Citizen in the Wake of the French Revolution"
07.06.2013
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
History of Education and Hierarchies of Knowledge: The Battle to Create an Ecole Normale for Teachers of the Deaf
10.12.2012
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
Medical roles: On the Changing Definition of a Field of Expertise 1840-1860
29.11.2012
McGill University
"Inventing the abnormal in late nineteenth-century France and Italy; The deaf, an exemplary case"
30.10.2012
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
Disciplinary Conflicts and the Distribution of Competence: Deafness between 1860 and 1900 (France, Italy)
24-25.08.2012
International Society of History of Otorhinolaryngology, 6th Working Meeting, Padua
Roles to Define: Medicine and Deafness in Mid-Nineteenth-Century France: Alexandre-Louis-Paul Blanchet’s desire for recognition and the fashioning of epistemological stakes
14.12.2011
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
The Writing of Deafness
25.10.2011
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin
A Physiology of Language in 17th-19th Century Europe: Towards an Epistemology of Deafness
29.06-01.07.2011
80th Anglo-American Conference 2011: Health in History, London
Imaginings of colonization in the construction of deaf-muteness in the 19th-century
24.03.2011
Institut Émilie du Châtelet
Appropriation et déplacements d'un diagnostic au 18e siècle: les Vapeurs et l'écriture de la difference sexuelle
08.12.2010
Institut des Sciences de la Communication du CNRS
"La dernière Carte, ou le pari de l'imagination," The Power of the Imagination in the 16th-18th Centuries
07.12.2010
Collège International de Philosophie
“La Réception des écrits médicaux au 18e siècle, Stratégies de légitimation médicales et définition du patient à venir”
Teaching activities
Spring 2010
The Institute for the Medical Humanities, The University of Texas Medical BranchThe Establishment of Medicine and The Construction of a Medical Category From 1670 to 1830: Hysteria in France and England
Summer 2009
Humboldt-Universität, Institut für Germanistik, Department of Medienanalyse (with Rupert Gaderer) Literatur, Naturwissenschaften und Medizin um 1800