Jochen Büttner currently investigates processes of innovation in the ancient world. A particular focus lies on the question which role knowledge played in these processes and, how in turn, innovation influenced the formation of theoretical bodies of knowledge.
He retains his longstanding interest in early modern mechanics. His main research theme in this area regards the role of so-called "challenging objects" as mediators between practical and theoretical knowledge in the early modern period.
Jochen Büttner has long been concerned with the use, theoretically as well as practically, of new electronic media in the history of science and, more generally, in the humanities. In this context, he has collaborated in, designed and directed a number of projects.