Open Science is a movement that aims to increase transparency in and access to scholarly research. Besides becoming the new normal in the EU, Open Science is a global movement taking place also in the People's Republic of China (PRC), where it is included in the key STI and education policy documents.
This project explores Open Science practices, namely open access publishing, open data practices, and science communication in the intersection of academia and industry, more particularly in the increasingly common university-industry research collaboration (UIRC). The project studies how openness as a norm coexists in UIRCs with other conflicting norms such as market-driven ones. Will market-driven norms overrule the academic norm of openness, or will the Open Science movement strengthen openness in collaborative research projects between academia and industry?
The project explores how the two different national contexts of Finland, the open science forerunner in the EU, and the PRC, the new science superpower, differ in terms of openness in UIRC.
The project will conduct several case studies including document analysis and research interviews as well as policy analysis in both national contexts. Institutional logics theory and institutional change agency are applied to illustrate how the Open Science movement has changed the normative environment of research collaboration between universities and industry in Finland (EU) and the PRC.