Fig. 1: Werner Heisenberg presenting his "Weltformel" at the 1958 Planck Centenary in West Berlin. Source: DPA.



Historical Epistemology of the Final Theory Program

Research Group Leader

Alexander Blum

+49 30 22667 114

Service & Administrators

Editorial Assistant (1 Feb 2018-31 Jan 2025)

RG Blum Group Photo 2021


Research Group Leader (1 Nov 2017-31 Jan 2025)


MPRG Historical Epistemology of the Final Theory Program (MPFG Historische Epistemologie der Suche nach der Weltformel)

Visiting Postdoctoral Fellow (1 Feb 2023-31 Jan 2024)

The Origin Story at the End of the Universe: On the Problems of Modern Physical Cosmology

Visiting Predoctoral Fellow (1 Apr 2022-31 Jan 2024)

The Classical Age of Quantum Gravity: from Dirac to Wheeler

Visiting Postdoctoral Fellow (1 Sep 2021-31 Jan 2023)


Concepts from mesoscopic physics in particle physics. Unveiling a success story in modern science

Visiting Predoctoral Fellow (3 Oct 2022-2 Dec 2022)

The Importance of Historical Epistemology for the Philosophy of Science. The Ether as a Resilient Epistemic Object

Visiting Scholar (1 Feb 2017-31 Jan 2025)


Stephen Hawking's Attempts to Unify Physics (1970s-2010s): A Contribution Toward the Year of Quantum Science

Postdoctoral Fellow (1 Nov 2022-31 Oct 2023)


The Role of Mathematics in the Final Theory Program

Visiting Predoctoral Fellow (1 Oct 2022-30 Nov 2022)

Fundamental Physics and Empiricism. The Plausibility of Contemporary Theories with No Empirical Confirmation

Visiting Predoctoral Fellow (1 Dec 2022-30 Nov 2023)

Philip Anderson Against the Big Machines: And How Emergence Made its Way into Physics

Visiting Scholar (1 Oct 2022-31 Dec 2022)

Edmund Whittaker, Arthur Eddington and the Final Theory Program

Visiting Scholar (1 May 2023-30 Jun 2023)

An analysis of the unusual physics creativity in India in the 1920s

Visiting Postdoctoral Fellow (1 Sep 2022-31 Jan 2023)

Effective Theories: Past, Present, and Beyond

Research Scholar (1 Feb 2018-31 Jan 2024)

Physics in Crisis: A Historical Analysis

Visiting Predoctoral Fellow (31 Oct 2022-5 Feb 2023)

How do Future Worldviews Emerge? Quantum Physics, and the Case of Werner Heisenberg’s ‘Religion without God’