How reason almost lost its mind: the strange career of Cold War rationality

Working Group Book

How reason almost lost its mind: the strange career of Cold War rationality

Lorraine Daston, Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Rebecca Lemov, Thomas Sturm, Michael D. Gordin

Summary

In the United States at the height of the Cold War, roughly between the end of World War II and the early 1980s, a new project of redefining rationality commanded the attention of sharp minds, powerful politicians, wealthy foundations, and top military brass. Its home was the human sciences—psychology, sociology, political science, and economics, among others—and its participants enlisted in an intellectual campaign to figure out what rationality should mean and how it could be deployed. How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind brings to life the people—Herbert Simon, Oskar Morgenstern, Herman Kahn, Anatol Rapoport, Thomas Schelling, and many others—and places, including the RAND Corporation, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, the Cowles Commission for Research and Economics, and the Council on Foreign Relations, that played a key role in putting forth a “Cold War rationality.” Decision makers harnessed this picture of rationality—optimizing, formal, algorithmic, and mechanical—in their quest to understand phenomena as diverse as economic transactions, biological evolution, political elections, international relations, and military strategy. The authors chronicle and illuminate what it meant to be rational in the age of nuclear brinkmanship.

Reviews

Review Lino Camprubi, Dynamis 2015

Review Nick Cullather, American Historical Review, 2 2015

Review Matthias Heymann, Centaurus 57, 2015

Review Catherine Herfeld, Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics 56, 2015

Review Clemens Reisner, The British Journal for the History of Science, Vol. 48, 2015

Review Ole Holsti, H-Net, 2 2014

Review Mary S. Morgan, Science Mag, 1 2014

Review George Reisch, HOPOS Vol. 4, 2 2014

Review Joy Rohde, The Journal of American History, Vol. 101, 2 2014

Review Michael Rossi, Review Michael Rossi, Endeavour Vol. 38, 3-4 2014, ScienceDirect

Review Thomas Thiel, FAZ Net 4 2014

Info

Publisher: 
The University of Chicago Press
Year: 
2013
Language: 
English
ISBN: 
978-0-226-04663-1
Pages: 
259

Downloads