Institute's Colloquium: Environments and Ecologies of Transmission
Planetary Health: How to Unleash a Just and Resilient Post-Pandemic World
Nicole de Paula
Planetary Health, both as a scientific field and a social movement, is rapidly growing. While a proliferation of research projects and initiatives are dynamically evolving, it remains to be further explored how the planetary health can become an empowering narrative for policymakers and business leaders. Covid-19, which has devastated economies and impoverished millions, needs to be viewed as a turning point. This lecture is based on Dr Nicole de Paula's current book project that presents the science behind planetary health.
The Great Plague Panzootic: The Third Plague Pandemic Reconsidered
The third plague pandemic (1894–1959) was the first pandemic of Yersinia pestis to be understood through framings of rodents as the principal hosts of the disease, and rats as the global spreaders of the pathogen. This lecture urges us to move beyond anthropocentric framings of the pandemic so as to see it as a panzootic: a global outbreak of plague that interlinked diverse rodent species and populations across the globe.
Plague Ecologies in the Ottoman Empire: Rethinking the Second Pandemic (ca.1340s–ca.1940s)
The majority of studies on the Black Death and its recurring plagues—collectively referred to as the Second Pandemic—follow a human-centric model for explaining the emergence, spread, and disappearance of the pandemic, mainly informed by the European experience. Drawing on research on plague in the Ottoman Empire, this talk will introduce new possibilities of thinking about the pandemic by emphasizing the importance of climate, animals, and disease ecologies of the wider Mediterranean world, with a view to bringing latest scientific studies in conversation with historical sources.