Etienne Benson

Research scholar
Ph.D., MIT
1. September 2010 bis 31. August 2013

My research focuses on the history of relationships between humans and other forms of life, especially nonhuman animals, as they were reshaped by science and technology in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. 

In the book Wired Wilderness: Technologies of Tracking and the Making of Modern Wildlife (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010), I used the figure of the wildlife radio-collar to examine the tension between two late-twentieth-century American obsessions: technology and wildness. I argued that technologies of tracking -- of which radio-tracking is only one example, albeit an important one -- have helped to refashion wildlife as something simultaneously "wild" and "managed". 

My current work focuses on two areas. The first concerns the impact of ethical concerns and legal regulations on the production of knowledge about endangered species since the 1960s. In this project, I am analyzing the politicized discourses of regulatory burden and scientific freedom while also constructing a database of regulatory actions that will provide a comprehensive view of the development of endangered species research over time. 

My second current area of interest concerns the multispecies character of urban space, and particularly the history of "animate infrastructures": tangible and non-tangible systems through which interactions among living things take place. With an eye toward current challenges in building sustainable cities, this project aims to recover past urban landscapes as habitats for and products of the interaction between many different forms of life. 

I received my PhD in History, Anthropology, and Science, Technology, and Society from MIT in 2008. Before joining the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in 2010, I was a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University's Center for the Environment and Department of the History of Science. 

Selected publications: 

Benson, E. (2012). Demarcating wilderness and disciplining wildlife: radiotracking large carnivores in Yellowstone and Chitwan National Parks. In B. Gissibl, S. Höhler, & P. Kupper (Eds.), Civilizing nature: national parks in global historical perspective (pp. 173-188). New York: Berghahn Books.


Benson, E. (2012). Endangered science: the regulation of research by the U.S. Marine Mammal Protection and Endangered Species Acts. Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, 42(1), 30-61.


Benson, E. (2012). One infrastructure, many global visions: the commercialization and diversification of Argos, a satellite-based environmental surveillance system. Social Studies of Science, 42(6), 846-871.


Benson, E. (2011). Animal writes: historiography, disciplinarity, and the animal trace. In L. Kalof, & G. M. Montgomery (Eds.), Making animal meaning (pp. 3-16). East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.


Benson, E. (2011). From wild lives to wildlife and back. Environmental History, 16(3), 418-422.


Benson, E. (2011). A difficult time with the permit process. Journal of the History of Biology, 44(1), 103-123.


Benson, E. (2010). Wired wilderness: technologies of tracking and the making of modern wildlife. Baltimore, Md.: The Johns Hopkins University Press.



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