As is well known, early typographic printers generally issued texts that had long circulated in manuscript. The broadside almanac, however, emerged as a genre, starting in the 1460s, only with the advent of print culture.
In the autumn of 1651, Colonel Edward Harley stayed with Sir John Tracey in Norfolk. There, the two men drank to the health of Harley’s uncle Edward Conway, second Viscount Conway now ruralized at Petworth House, the seat of the Percy family. Impressed by the ‘excellent’ ale, Harley obtained the recipe to make it and forwarded the know-how to his uncle. The recipe itself is very simple.
In my contribution to this workshop on the structure of practical knowledge, I try to outline the structure of architectural knowledge in the long 16th century. The paper is divided into three parts.
In a previous publication I hypothesized that a growing number of "trading zones" developed in fifteenth and sixteenth century Europe—that is, arenas in which on-going and substantive communication occurred between individuals with practical, artisanal backgrounds and those with a university education. In this paper, I focus on particular kinds of individuals, most of them practitioners that we could place under the rubric of architecture/engineering.
The obscure definition of the early modern Italian architect is a subject of longstanding interest. That there was neither a standard of architectural training, nor a professional network of practitioners is oft noted, as is the fact that the requirements and duties of the architect varied on a case-by-case basis.
The project focuses upon the techniques (and difficulties) of woodblock cutting in the making of printed botanical images, as well as upon the use and reuse of images in two distinct traditions of early modern herbals. The main focus will be upon the woodblocks cut for a project linking plant anatomy with plant chemistry/alchemy organized by the Berlin court physician and Paracelsian chemist Leonhard Thurneisser (1531-1595/6).
This paper is an assessment of Renaissance scholars’ views of the practical embedment of astronomy. In order to tackle this issue, I deem it expedient to address the widespread "scientific topos" of the utilitas astronomiae (astronomy’s utility) as it arises from several early modern works of astronomy and on astronomy.
This paper will address the ways in which information about the production of the chiaroscuro woodcut circulated in early modernity.
In the year 1973 a carpenter pulled out a portfolio of porcelain sketches from behind one of the detached fittings that he had been asked to repair in the Western Palace in the Forbidden City Palace complex. The building that had once hosted the empresses’ and concubines’ staff was at that time used as a research library and so the librarians, concerned about their books, were carefully watching the repair work.
This paper attempts to trace early modern European theories about the generation of metals and minerals as they emerged out of the physical experience of miners laboring in the earth and were codified and transformed by learned physicians in sixteenth-century Erzgebirge.