Search the Website
Search the Website
My project here at MPIWG is to turn my Ph.D. dissertation, which was finished in 2001, into a book under contract with INED press in France. The provisional title of the book reads Comment les sondages ont exprimé l’Amérique. Une histoire des enquêtes partielles aux Etats-Unis pendant l’Entre-deux-guerre.
In this project I examine the methods used by students of animal behavior in the context of their historical development. I concentrate on Niko Tinbergen’s and Konrad Lorenz’s ethological approach to animal behavior. They claimed that the key to understanding behavior is to observe many different species in their natural environments, in contraposition to experimental research that only induced “artificial” behaviors.
That the methods of the physical sciences could benefit engineering practice was a proposition widely embraced by the 1920s. Many scientists and engineers alike were determined to construe technology as “applied science.” For their own reasons, both Americans and Soviets were especially ready to proclaim “fundamental science” as the fount of true knowledge in a continuum flowing from quantum mechanics to high-voltage transmission lines. One such Soviet was A. F.
During the first three decades of the twentieth century musicologists and music critics increasingly problematized the role of emotions in listening experiences. This project investigates how and why the study of emotions in music became contested.
In the 1920-1930s, Soviet psychologists developed an original research program, which they themselves characterized as „cultural-historical“ psychology—an approach that examined individual cognition in its socio-cultural context. Central to this development was the work of L.S. Vygotsky, A.R. Luria, and A.N. Leontiev, who believed that higher processes of consciousness originate in the individual’s relations with the social world.
Natural and social scientists have long been fascinated by the biological basis of human behavior. By anthropomorphizing animal behavior, biologists frame animal actions as simplified versions (evolutionary antecedents) of human behavior. By zoomorphizing human behavior, on the other hand, biologists investigate the instinctual, bestial, basis of human actions. In both cases, social and natural scientists have used nature to normalize human social and cultural interactions.
explores the complex interrelationships between the objects of scientific inquiry, and the norms, processes, and structures of that inquiry itself. This includes not only the tools and methods of investigation, but also the cultural, intellectual and religious contexts of that investigation. What emerges is a view of science that shows a strong interaction between theories, objects, and the investigative frameworks from which something like a picture of the world emerges.
The Dancing Bees is a dual biography that explores the life and work of the experimental physiologist Karl von Frisch (1886-1982) vis à vis his favored research animal, the honeybee, in the context of twentieth-century studies of animals and communication.
As a title for my project, “Atomic Food for Peace” is my invention. As a concept, however, it clearly existed in the mid-1950s. The idea of “atomic food for peace” (AFFP) was introduced via three programs that formed basic pillars of US post-World War II policy towards warravaged Europe and beyond.