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Working Group Book

One hundred years of chemical warfare : research, deployment, consequences

Bretislav Friedrich, Dieter Hoffmann, Jürgen Renn, Florian Schmaltz, Martin Wolf

Taking the horrific events that took place at Ypres in 1915 as its point of departure, this volume traces the development of chemical weapons from their first use as weapons of mass destruction by German troops in Belgium to their deployment in Syria in the summer of 2013. The book has emerged from a conference commemorating the centenary of the events at Ypres, held at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society in Berlin.

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Special Journal Issue (Working Group Book)

Data histories

The history of data brings together topics and themes from a variety of perspectives in history of science: histories of the material culture of information and of computing, the history of politics on individual and global scales, gender and women’s history, as well as the histories of many individual disciplines, to name just a few of the areas covered by essays in this volume.

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Edited Book

A companion to critical and cultural theory

Imre Szeman, Sarah Blacker, Justin Sully

Featuring original essays from an international team of cultural theorists, the volume offers fresh and compelling perspectives and sketches out exciting new areas of theoretical inquiry. The coverage is thoughtfully organized into two sections: lineages and problematics.

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Book

El camino hacia la relatividad

This richly annotated facsimile edition of “The Foundation of General Relativity” introduces a new generation of readers to Albert Einstein’s theory of gravitation.

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Special journal issue

Chinese Annals of History of Science and Technology

Jürgen Renn, Baichun Zhang

In a bid to advance the history of science and technology as a discipline in China and to enhance the international influence of the Chinese academic community, the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences (IHNS), Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Science Press, in collaboration with and Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (MPIWG), have inaugurated the English journal Chinese Annals of History of Science and Technology (CAHST), the first issue of which has been officially published by Science Press. The first issue focuses on ancient Chinese history and brings together archaeological studies with the study of ancient texts. For future issues, the thematic scope will be widened substantially and also include papers on subjects pertaining to later history.

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Working Group Book

Testing drugs and trying cures

Elaine Leong, Alisha Rankin,

Practices of testing drugs and trying cures were clearly central to premodern medicine. As the present articles demonstrate, a wide range of actors conducted a variety of practices in order to assess drug efficacy; determine the virtues of plants, animals, and minerals; ascertain the composition of compound drugs; tweak production and application methods; and much more.

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Book

The formative years of relativity : the history and meaning of Einstein's Princeton lectures

First published in 1922 and based on lectures delivered in May 1921, Albert Einstein’s The Meaning of Relativity offered an overview and explanation of the then new and controversial theory of relativity. The work would go on to become a monumental classic, printed in numerous editions and translations worldwide. Now, The Formative Years of Relativity introduces Einstein’s masterpiece to new audiences.

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Book

Le graveur et le philosophe : Albert Flocon rencontre Gaston Bachelard

La rencontre entre le graveur sur cuivre Albert Flocon et le philosophe de la science Gaston Bachelard reste peu connue du public. Sous la forme d’une double biographie, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger parvient à composer une histoire intellectuelle lucide tout en présentant une fascinante lecture illustrée des cuivres d’Albert Flocon.

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Book

Building the general relativity & gravitation community during the Cold War

This monograph presents a new perspective on the history of general relativity. It outlines the attempts to establish an institutional framework for the promotion of the field during the Cold War. Readers will learn the difficulties that key figures experienced and overcame during this period of global conflict.

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Book

Being brains : making the cerebral subject

Fernando Vidal, Francisco Javier Guerrero Ortega

Being Brains offers a critical exploration of one of the most influential and pervasive contemporary beliefs: “We are our brains.” Starting in the “Decade of the Brain” of the 1990s, “neurocentrism” became widespread in most Western and many non-Western societies. Formidable advances, especially in neuroimaging, have bolstered this “neurocentrism” in the eyes of the public and political authorities, helping to justify increased funding for the brain sciences.

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Book

One hundred years of pressure : hydrostatics from Stevin to Newton

Alan Chalmers

This monograph investigates the development of hydrostatics as a science. In the process, it sheds new light on the nature of science and its origins in the Scientific Revolution. Readers will come to see that the history of hydrostatics reveals subtle ways in which the science of the seventeenth century differed from previous periods.

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Edited Book

The nature state : rethinking the history of conservation

Wilko Graf von Hardenberg, Matthew Kelly, Claudia Leal, Emily Wakild

This volume brings together case studies from around the globe to explore the history of nature conservation in the twentieth century. It seeks to highlight the state, a central actor in these efforts, which is often taken for granted, and establishes a novel concept – the nature state – as a means for exploring the historical formation of that portion of the state dedicated to managing and protecting nature.

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Book

Du Rhin à la Manche : frontières et relations franco-allemandes au XXe siècle

Où est la frontière entre la France et l'Allemagne? En 1919, le traité de Versailles apporte une réponse provisoire, car dans l'entre-deux-guerres, des savants allemands légitiment des stratégies d’annexion en définissant le «sol ethnique et culturel allemand». À l'heure de la reconstruction des murs, de l'éloge bien-pensant des fronières, il faut revenir sur ce que fut la frontière entre la France et l'Allemagne au XXe siècle: un horizon à dépasser.

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Working Group Book

Before Copernicus : the cultures and contexts of scientific learning in the fifteenth century

Rivka Feldhay, F. Jamil Ragep

In 1984, Noel Swerdlow and Otto Neugebauer argued that Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) explained planetary motion by using mathematical devices and astronomical models originally developed by Islamic astronomers in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Was this a parallel development, or did Copernicus somehow learn of the work of his predecessors, and if so, how?

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Special journal issue

Historical perspectives on contemporary physics

On November 25th 1915, Albert Einstein submitted to the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences the last of a series of papers that contained the final and fundamental equation of his theory of gravitation, which he called General Relativity (Einstein 1915, 1916). This equation contains the field-theoretic law according to which the energy-momentum distribution of matter sources acts on and reacts to the gravitational field.

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Book

Naufragi di terra e di mare : da Leonardo da Vinci a Theodor Mommsen alla ricerca dei codici Albani ; edizione del manoscritto XIII.F.25, cc. 129-136 della Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli

Il volume ricostruisce la storia di alcuni manoscritti un tempo conservati a Roma e a Urbino nelle biblioteche della famiglia Albani. Dispersi in gran parte tra la fine del XVIII e la seconda metà del XIX secolo, quei codici facevano parte di una tra le più preziose collezioni private europee.

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Book

Los ingenieros de Franco: ciencia, catolicismo y guerra fría en el estado Franquista

De este estudio surge un panorama distinto al habitual de los años difíciles de la autarquía: un panorama en que la investigación científica y técnica aparece, no como una simple herramienta del poder, sino como «un elemento constituyente que dotó de contenido al régimen».

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Book

LEMCO : ein Koloss der Fleischindustrie in Fray Bentos, Uruguay

Lucía Lewowicz

LEMCO stand zu seiner Zeit für vielseitige Innovationen nicht nur auf dem technologischen Gebiet der Fleischverarbeitung, sondern auch in unternehmerischer und organisatorischer Hinsicht. Der völlig neue Ansatz des vorliegenden Beitrags geht auf bisher noch unbekannte und sehr aufschlussreiche Aspekte über die Art und Weise ein, wie das Projekt damals auf den Weg gebracht wurde.

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Working Group Book

Science in the Archives: Pasts, Presents, Futures

Archives bring to mind rooms filled with old papers and dusty artifacts. But for scientists, the detritus of the past can be a treasure trove of material vital to present and future research: fossils collected by geologists; data banks assembled by geneticists; weather diaries trawled by climate scientists; libraries visited by historians.

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Edited Book

The Structures of Practical Knowledge

'The Structures of Practical Knowledge' investigates the nature of practical knowledge – why, how, when and by whom it is codified, and once codified, how this knowledge is structured. The inquiry unfolds in a series of fifteen case studies, which range in focus from early modern Italy to eighteenth century China.

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Book

Bilder des Vergangenen: Visualisierung in der Archäologie im 19. Jahrhundert - Fotografie, Zeichnung und Abguss

Stefanie Klamm

Anhand der Grabung des Deutschen Reiches im griechischen Olympia (1875–1881) und weiterer Beispiele aus der deutschen und europäischen Archäologie entfaltet das Buch eine Fülle von Darstellungsformen, die in den unterschiedlichen Stadien der Wissensbildung – von der Ausgrabung bis hin zu späteren Rezeptionsformen – eingesetzt worden sind.

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Edited Book

Setting Nutritional Standards: Theory, Policies, Practices

Elizabeth Neswald, David F. Smith, Ulrike Thoms

The book brings together authors from a variety of disciplines to explore perspectives on the theory, practices, and policies of modern nutrition science from the 1860s to the 1960s. The essays place the new science of nutrition within the changing social landscapes of Western Europe and the United States at the intersection of medicine, policy, social reform agendas, and public health initiatives.

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Edited Book

Ressourcenmobilisierung: Wissenschaftspolitik und Forschungspraxis im NS-Herrschaftssystem

Sören Flachowsky, Rüdiger Hachtmann, Florian Schmaltz

In welchen Dimensionen wurden zwischen 1933 und 1945 Ressourcen für die Forschung mobilisiert? Diese zentrale Frage des Verhältnisses von Wissenschaften und Politik im Nationalsozialismus wird für ein breites Spektrum an wissenschaftlichen Einzeldisziplinen thematisiert.

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Working Group Books

Working Group Books are an MPIWG specialty: volumes written by two or more authors which are the result of intensive collaboration, involving multiple working sessions in which drafts of the individual chapters are presented, discussed, and revised. Many MPIWG research projects publish their principal results in this form, in addition to books and articles by individual participating scholars. These Working Group Books are especially well suited to opening up new fields of research and to covering topics from a comparative perspective, both challenges that invite collective rather than individual scholarship.
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Kontakt

Esther Chen, Leiterin der Bibliothek
echen@mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de

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