The Globalization of Science in the Modern World

The Globalization of Science in the Modern World

Other involved Scholars: 

Lars Kirkhusmo Pharo, Elena Bougleux

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Map of scientific collaborations from 2005 to 2009. Computed by Olivier H. Beauchesne@science-Metrix, Inc.

The globalization of knowledge today has reached another level with new potentials emerging, such as the global system of science and the World Wide Web. The migration of scientific knowledge is no longer characterized by the trajectories of individuals, but rather by global social patterns. Scientific knowledge goes hand in hand with global economic processes; it is embedded in global infrastructures and regulatory regimes, and is part of global cultural products. Research on the globalization of knowledge in the modern world aims at tracing these developments by analyzing, in the context of workshops, case studies, and cooperative ventures, both the intrinsic and the extrinsic dynamics of knowledge development.The globalization of science in the modern world involves close communication between knowledge economies throughout the world. Scientific communication between the European core and the peripheral regions are as well investigated as scientific evolution in different countries of the former colonialized world.In the context of global exchange of knowledge, the history of resource transformations has emerged as a new focus of the project. The challenges of the current energy system have to been studied in its global context and raise the question of historical development of knowledge related to the use of resources and changes in energy systems. Discussions of the current situation also suggest the need for a global history of the transformations of basic resources and of the knowledge to deal with them. A related research focus is the history of the Anthropocene. For one part, the research was related to the cooperation, coordinated by Jürgen Renn, with the Haus der Kulturen der Welt (Berlin), the Deutsches Museum (Munich), the Rachel Carson Center (Munich), and the Max Planck Society. The Nobel Laureate Paul Crutzen has used the concept of Anthropocene to describe the current geological epoch characterized by the large-scale effects of human interventions in the planetary system. One aim of this cooperation is to stimulate interdisciplinary research on this concept and on its implications for the understanding of human history, including the globalization of knowledge. Another aim is to enhance the public awareness of such a global perspective, encouraging a more reflective approach to science and technology through cultural and artistic events and through exhibitions.