"All Against All: Scientific Prophecies of Food & Fuel Production, 1929-1989" presents a series of case studies in the methods by which social (economists and demographers) and natural (agronomists, geologists, and ecologists) scientists in Germany and America quantified and predicted future food and fuel production between the Great Depression and the end of the Cold War.
The aim of Francesco Paolo de Ceglia's research is to shed light on the way in which eighteenth-century science examined a particular category of miracles which were very common in the Kingdom of Naples in the modern age.
This book project extended the work from Katy Park's article “Observation in the Margins, 500–1500,” which was commissioned for Lorraine Daston and Elizabeth Lunbeck, eds., Histories of Scientific Observation (Chicago: University of Chicago Press). In that piece, Katy Park argued that medieval writers understood experience (experientia/experimentum) and observation (observatio) as two distinct modes for producing natural knowledge using the senses.
After the liberation from Fascism and the end of Second World War, Italy put many efforts in the reconstruction of the country based on industrial development, despite the initial skepticism of the American administration. Cultural projects supporting or at least addressing such a strategy often took the shape of journals that discussed technology and scientific knowledge besides literature and the arts.
Annette Vogt's recent research project investigates the history of statistics at the Berlin University and at the Berlin School of Economics (Handels-Hochschule) from 1886 (1906 resp.) until 1945. Annette wants to study the development of statistics in both fields, in mathematical statistics as well as in economic and social statistics.
The Anthropocene hypothesis proposes that with the invention of James Watt’s steam engine, the Earth entered a new geologic era characterized by an unprecedented level of human intervention in natural processes. If man makes nature rather than being the passive object of its processes, what new ways of thinking can be generated with regard to long-standing questions in the arts and humanities?
Thinking about science and its social, political, and cultural implications became a matter of primary concern at the very center of political and cultural landscape of the Cold War. During the Cold War, the political, military, and ideological pressures and anxieties played central role in reconceptualizing science as a social, political, and moral activity.
Visuality and visual representation in the modern sciences and their role for the production of scientific knowledge are widely debated within the history of science and science studies. At the same time, very little work has been done from the internal perspective of the respective disciplines. Geography, as an empirical discipline at the intersection between natural sciences, social sciences, and the humanities, is well situated to reflect on its own paradigms.